It’s seasonal herbalism at its best with healthful weedy plants such as dandelions, violets, and chickweed expressing their vitality by simply growing all on their own in the first warm rays of the sun and passing that strength on to us. Nettle is part of the English name of many plants with stinging hairs, particularly those of the genus Urtica.It is also part of the name of plants which resemble Urtica species in appearance but do not have stinging hairs.. Plants called "nettle" include: ball nettle – Solanum carolinense bull nettle Cnidoscolus stimulosus, bull nettle, spurge nettle Under middle-European conditions, stems yield typically between 45 and 55 dt / ha (decitons per hectare), which is comparable to flax stem yield. This fibrous perennial is found throughout the world in temperate regions from Japan to the Andes Mountains. See more. Nettle is a genus of flowering plants of the Nettle family. , Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. Visit this family in the Dichotomous Key. Testing Darwin's transoceanic dispersal hypothesis for the inland nettle family (Urticaceae) Zeng‐Yuan Wu Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, 650201 China 1.1. The stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ) grows wild in nitrogen-rich soil on the edges of fields, stream banks, waste places, and close to stables and human habitations throughout the United States and Europe. Many species are tropical. Pony, Montana. 1,868 views. The roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the ghost moth (Hepialus humuli).  Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. Urtica dioica. Plant Families - Nettle family (Urticaceae) Ragged Robin. All three plants are in the Nettle Family.  It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside. In common with White Dead-nettle, this creeping perennial of the Mint (or Dead-nettle) family is much more nettle-like in appearance than is its close relative Red Dead-nettle Lamium purpureum. Standard deviations are given in brackets. Nettles are perennial plants native to Europe and found throughout the United States and parts of Canada. Stinging nettle looks almost identical to catnip, which is in the mint family. They're a good indication that the soil is quite high in nutrients, especially phosphorus, and this is why you often see nettles amongst the cow pats in paddocks. In Hungarian, the idiom csalánba nem üt a mennykő, the thunderbolt does not strike into nettle, means bad people escape trouble or the devil looks after his own. The metaphor may refer to the fact that if a nettle plant is grasped firmly rather than brushed against, it does not sting so readily, because the hairs are crushed down flat and do not penetrate the skin so easily.. The name urticaria for hives comes from the Latin name of nettle (Urtica, from urere, to burn). The figure of speech "to grasp the nettle" probably originated from Aesop's fable "The Boy and the Nettle".  They are also one of the few plants that can tolerate, and flourish in, soils rich in poultry droppings. , Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). The plant is common in herbal medicine, and young leaves can be cooked and eaten as a nutritious potherb.  In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. , Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. The stems and leaves of many species—especially the nettles ( Urtica ), the wood nettles ( Laportea ), and the Australian stinging trees ( Dendrocnide )—have stinging trichomes (plant hairs) that cause a painful rash upon contact.  Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. As you would expect, the specific epithet album means white and refers to the colour of the flowers. Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis) , Historically, nettles have been used to make clothing for almost 3,000 years, as ancient nettle textiles from the Bronze Age have been found in Denmark. , Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious).  It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. Horticulture has been my career since the early eighties after starting off learning and practicing Floristry in my native Holland (The Netherlands). Rhizomatous. The nettle family is full of stinging plants, but none is quite as aggressive as the gympie gympie (Dendrocnide moroides). Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. nettle (plural nettles) 1. The common and ubiquitous stinging Nettle is one of the most easily recognisable plants – and if you are unsure, just brush your fingertips over the familiar warrior herb and you will know for sure! Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 2 times. Plant of the nettle family is a crossword puzzle clue. However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Other species' names formerly accepted as distinct by some authors but now regarded as synonyms of one or other subspecies include U. breweri, U. californica, U. cardiophylla, U. lyalli, U. major, U. procera, U. serra, U. strigosissima, U. trachycarpa, and U. viridis. The naming of nettles tells us a bit more about it. The Mulberry family is sometimes included in this family. Lamium (dead-nettles) is a genus of about 40–50 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, of which it is the type genus.  For exact fatty acid contents see Table 1. The ovary is positioned superior and has only one carpel (unicarpellate). Ginger says: April 5, 2013 at 7:54 am Thank you for this well stated, instructional post. The two plants on the right have stinging hairs along their stems. Family: Nettle Family – Urticaceae; Growing form: Perennial herb. Three genera of the family have stinging hairs: Urtica, Laportea, and Hesperocnide, the last being a native of California. Similar Species. The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.. Direct seeding is possible, but leads to great heterogeneity in maturity. Table 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica (μg/ g dry weight). The stems and leaves are covered with burning hairs, which were given. Nettle has high carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments. And, yes, that is Clearweed’s stem — second from the left.  Depending on the batch and the leave and stem content, nettle contains only traces of zeaxanthin or between 20 – 60 mg / kg of dry matter. 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