“When we think about culture and diversity, people often automatically think about black students, but people need to think broader than that, now,” Childers-McKee says. Culture refers to a particular ‘way of life’, involving religion, race and nationality, as well as things like food, dress code and manners. The examiners will reward complex, creative, and unique ideas. In fact, if you type in “Twelfth Night critical readings” into your google search tab, there will be pages of valuable content at your disposal. Here is an example of my ‘Purpose’ paragraph, which will hopefully give you an idea on how you might write your own commentary! The best way to start a psychoanalysis of ‘Cat on a Hot Tin Roof’ is to think about what each character wants, how they are behaving and how their past might influence this. To take a simple example, a Marxist might look at ‘The Great Gatsby’ how our capitalistic system underscores the motivations of Gatsby? This model represents the traditional approach to teaching literature. ‍For more detailed explanations on these 7 aspects, you might want to check out Adaptations And Transformations Lit SAC: A How To Guide. The good thing about this approach is that when you understand the general themes that the author covers, you will become better and better at using that lens to identify the most impactful parts of the passage to unpack as you scrutinise the subtle nuances of the writer’s tone. In general, there are two main approaches that can be followed for body paragraphs in a literature close reading analysis: What does this mean? The historical context is important to note especially when large changes have occurred between the time the work was produced, and our current day, so it is not assessed by our own concerns alone. Get in touch with us here - we usually reply in 24 business hours. This is turn, would help them explain their behaviours.Â. represents the possibility Literature brings into the picture as regards the understanding and appreciation of different cultures and ideologies together with the … Cut out redundancies. Something went wrong while submitting the form. Don't feel like putting in an introduction/conclusion? There must be a tangible relationship present, through an in-depth understanding of the original text’s features. This allows students to explicitly outline their overall reading of the text in a style which will efficiently show off your writing skills. 2. Obviously only talk about those that are relevant to your creative response! The evolution, damage and protection of culture is an important context in this novel, and has a large bearing on the overall meaning of the text, as well as Scott’s views and values. Also have an understanding of the myths surrounding the Trojan War as well as those surrounding Agamemnon, Cassandra and Clytemnestra. Here're 6 great tips on improving your expression you can watch. “This way, students can see themselves in some of what they’re reading and not just the white, western world. Why not just teach them what they need to know and send them on their way?Of course, to most educators these questions seem ludicrous. Roderigo also displays a racist attitude, calling Othello “the thick-lips” (1.1.71). Learn how an EdD can give you the skills to enact organizational change in any industry. Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre was set in the same social context she herself lived in. If it’s not, then go you! To use postcolonial language, Othello is the Other, but he is not a subaltern; he has been given a place at the coloniser’s table. Furthermore, Gooper’s job as a lawyer, in his mind, only further cements him claim to the Pollitt family throne because it pays well and is highly respected.Â. One useful theorist here is Frantz Fanon, a psychologist living during the French colonisation of Algier. It is than imperative that you describe how you have similarly used such device in your creative response. Teachers need to work to build relationships with their students to ensure they feel respected, valued, and seen for who they are. , will empower you to address the challenges currently facing education and improve the learning experience. In this sense, our sympathy for Maggie only confirms Williams’ notion that women should be able to freely chase their ambitions and break free of restrictive stereotypes.Â, These societal standards that reinforce traditional gender roles, heterosexuality and the pervasive male gaze form what literary critics call heteronormativity. This is a key notion in feminism and extends this perspective to more than just an analysis of women in society. It also forces you to frequently reference the text with quotes in the same way you would in a passage analysis essay, which is glorious in any assessor’s eyes. The median annual salary for professional degree holders is $97,000. “Some teachers whose students are all white and middle-class struggle with how culturally responsive teaching strategies apply to them. Your essays stand out when they cover new, uncharted territory. You can have a lot of fun with it and the examiners like you to pick up on small details and connect it to a grander scope. One of the most efficient ways of going through these sorts of essays (which are often quite elaborate and at times difficult to understand fully) is to print them out, grab a highlighter and pen and skim through as much as possible. Firstly, yes, I believe all students should be writing introductions as they are an excellent way to showcase your ability to provide an insight into your personal “reading” of the text, interpret the passages and allow you an avenue through which to begin your discussion of the material. From here, I’m able to ask myself questions catered to each perspective such as “What specific cultural values are examined in COAHTR and how does Williams present them?” and, relating this to the prompt at hand by also asking: “Is this presentation condemnatory?”. The VCAA Literature Study Design determines that students must submit ‘a reflective commentary establishing connections with the original text’. Here the moral degradation of a society so heavily reliant on the atomisation of its individuals is made most conspicuous, with Big Daddy’s semblance to a large animal who “pants and wheezes and sniffs” serving as a further testament to such a notion.”. “These are all small changes you can make to your classroom more culturally responsive,” Childers-McKee says. So what does this question mean? The VCAA Literature Study Design also determines that students must submit ‘a reflective commentary establishing connections with the original text’. Traditional teaching strategies emphasize the teacher-student dynamic: The teacher is the expert and adheres strictly to the curriculum that supports standardized tests while the student receives the knowledge. Another benefit of going through critical readings is the external or contextual references they make. Below, we explore the concept of culturally responsive teaching, compare it against traditional teaching models, and offer a number of strategies that you can use to incorporate the approach into your own methods. “Instead, you’re showing them a worldwide, multicultural community and looking for different interpretations while relating it to what it means for society today.”. Students develop creative responses to texts and their skills in communicating ideas in both written and oral forms. The othered characters in Othello are orientalised by most members of Venetian society, and must constantly prove their material worth to maintain their agency. What I personally tend to be comfortable doing is loosely following a TEEL structure, while spicing it up a little by switching around the order here and there. My explanation has to show that Othello isn’t welcome in Venetian society, highlighting that his blackness and European views of the Moors fits Edward Said’s theory of orientalism. The more you know about the play, the more you’ll be able to write about it. Language engagement is every bit as important as ideas. Our essay topic says “To what extent do you agree?”. The learning is more experimental, more hands-on,” she says. - the ways the central ideas of the original text are represented. The themes of my piece seeks to explore are the ways of coping with grief, guilt at causing the illness of a loved one, a life with a lack of substance, and the loss of communication due to illness. Maggie is likened to a “priest delivering a liturgical chant”, her lines interspersed with “wordless singing” — alluding to her overly performative nature that compromises the genuineness of human connection. TIP: Follow this link to get an overview of the literary perspectives task (I’m thinking of linking the ultimate lit perspectives guide here, let me know what you think)Â. It is because Brick cannot come to terms with his own sexuality and Big Daddy cannot fathom his inevitable death that lies, and deceit is perpetuated in the text.Â. TIP: Just because it’s close analysis, doesn’t mean you can forego an overall interpretation!! “Venetian Society”-This is the group of people depicted in Othello. He should also be aware to the culture of his students. The features of the original text including ideas, images characters and situations, and the language in which these are expressed. Your end-of-year examination is worth a whopping 50 percent! Focus on coming up with original ideas, and express them clearly. The proper cultural context in Byram’s terms includes the language patterns particular people use when they come together in different social situations at a particular time and place. Let's get into it!‍‍. Take inventory of the books in your classroom library: Do they include authors of diverse races? Sometimes, when you get stuck in philosophical musings, you might find yourself in a place where you're spouting on and on about solipsism or the intrinsic desire for independence in the 19th century Norwegian working class. Highlight words, terms or phrases which spark your intrigue, or ones you feel you may be able to manipulate as evidence to support your own essay. New Historicism: “socially upheld conservative values”, “belief system”, “values such as heteronormativity and the American Dream”, Psychoanalytical: “moral incongruity”, “human connection/struggle to attain true happiness”, Now do step 1 with the adapted/transformed text, Adopting or resisting the author’s writing/language style, Adopting or resisting the text’s point of view, Adopting or resisting the original setting, narrative structure or tone, Writing through a peripheral character’s perspective, Developing a prologue, epilogue or another chapter/scene. It needs to be justice-oriented and reflect the social context we’re in now. How do they interact? Overall, reading as many of these expert-written critical essays as possible can be extremely beneficial in developing a greater understanding of the critical lenses, the ideals and context of the Elizabethan theatre, and the way both dialogue and staging can be used as evidence in your own essays. To ‘orientalise’ something is to portray it as something wholly different to European cultures, and exaggerate these differences. It’s equally important for them to teach students about diversity. Your submission has been received! Here are a few things you might want to consider when closely analysing ‘Cat on a Hot Tin Roof’.Â. She is unswayed by the racist commentary on Othello from those around her, such as Emilia, and instead represents the welcoming of the Other on a personal, although not societal level. Casey Charles’ Theatre Journal exert Gender Trouble in Twelfth Night uses the phrasing. This is obviously applicable to English as well, but where a clear fork in the road lies is in the act of grouping those complex ideas under the umbrella of a specific critical lens (or multiple!). This is also a great way to integrate to touch on other perspectives if you think about the ways in which heteronormativity or social status may have influenced his decisions back then. Is the LGBTQ community represented? Rethinking Sexuality and Class in Twelfth Night, Nancy Lindheim, Gender Ambiguity and Desire in Twelfth Night, Maria Del Rosario Arias Doblas‍, Gender Trouble in Twelfth Night, Casey Charles. Funnily enough, despite the fact that Maggie knows he does not love her, she could not care less. Tie lessons from the curriculum to the students’ social communities to make it more contextual and relevant, Childers-McKee advises. In this passage, Jane is rejoicing over her marriage proposal, but readers are led to understand that this may be a false, idealistic dream of hers. Here’s a helpful video on how to incorporate quotes! It is important that you can demonstrate you understand this! Salinger, and Charles Dickens, for example, adhering to widely accepted interpretations of the text. I have sought to explore this even further than What Thou and I Did, Till we Loved bringing in the question of euthanasia and whether we have a right to die as Kyle begs of Max to “kill me” at the end of the piece, and Max concedes that “[he] would if [he] could”. Teachers using this method encourage each student to relate course content to his or her cultural context. If you are one of those people (I know it's hard) but kill your darlings. Cross cultural contact between an Indigenous tribe in Western Australia, and the British colonizers of this land, is explored by Kim Scott in his novel That Deadman Dance. He reveals aspects of culture largely unknown to current members of Australian society, as well as explores whether assimilation can be seen as a harmonious sign of friendship, or an intrusive loss of culture. Brick cannot admit the truth to himself because in his mind “purity” and “homosexuality” are mutually exclusive, due to his own internalized homophobia and even when Big Daddy makes Brick face his desires and the guilt that pervades him; he cannot escape the bigoted societal norms imbued within him, Williams paints an image of distress, pain and grief caused by the prevailing homophobia of the 1950s. A term I used in my contention should also be explained: orientalism. These features include characterisation (what motivates these characters), setting, context, narrative structure, tone and writing/film style. Brick’s homosexuality and the guilt he feels at Skipper’s death is a great place to start. The two primary sources of mendacious repression are Brick’s homosexual desires and Big Daddy’s imminent death from cancer. Culturally relevant teaching or responsive teaching is a pedagogy grounded in teachers' displaying cultural competence: skill at teaching in a cross-cultural or multicultural setting. All of these ideas should be rooted in language. English Literature specification 9715? All these things come into play when thinking about psychoanalysis. Some might argue that the central conflict in the play comes down to who will inherit Big Daddy’s wealth after his death and is only inflamed by Brick’s repressed sexuality. How to study for literature when you really don't feel like studying for literature, Last minute study for the literature exam, VCE Literature Close Analysis – Stand Out From The Crowd‍, Literature Perspectives And Close Analysis Guide, VCE Literature Essay Approaches - Not A Language Analysis, The Importance Of Context In Literature‍. To read a sample Reflective Commentary, check out Elly's blog post on how to Score 10/10 On The Reflective Commentary. Cultural literacy is a term coined by American educator and literary critic E. D. Hirsch, referring to the ability to understand and participate fluently in a given culture.Cultural literacy is an analogy to literacy proper (the ability to read and write letters). In this argument I’m going against my previous paragraph, saying that Othello is welcome, but on a case-by-case basis. The VCAA does not endorse and is not affiliated with Lisa's Study Guides or vcestudyguides.com. They investigate ways writers adapt and transform texts and how meaning is affected as texts are adapted and transformed. Stay up to date on our latest posts and university events. No need! In a typical Language Analysis essay, the introduction is almost like a summary of what’s going to be talked about in the next few paragraphs whereas in a close reading, it is the fresh ideas beyond the introduction that the markers are interested in. Of course literature is important—why would it have such a central place in the curriculum if it wasn’t? Well, we see in Othello that the women treat him quite well.Â. Have questions? #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } Develop an overall Interpretation/perspective for each text. This is in contrast to when he speaks about Skipper in which he suddenly becomes defensive; his dialogue graduates from resigned one-liners to profuse emotional rants.Â, Whilst the form of a play is unique in itself, there are certain aspects of ‘Cat on a Hot Tin Roof’ that differentiates it from others.Â, For example, the play in its entirety occurs within one day. It’s as easy as a Google search! Cohesion comes from how well you can develop your overall argument. Power-up your learning with free essay topics, downloadable word banks, and updates on the latest VCE strategies. To learn more about how an EdD can further your career while improving students’ educational experiences, explore Northeastern’s Doctor of Education program page, or download our free guide below. As a discriminated against woman, she represents the acceptance of the other in Venetian society, and the unbridled trust of Othello that the men of Venice lack. Or a Marxist one? Back in the 1950s, the American Dream was the dream that everyone was expected to aspire for was much more conservative. 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